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Volume 42, Issue 1 (2024)                   jmciri 2024, 42(1): 9-18 | Back to browse issues page

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Mirzaei M, Salehian M H. The effect of exercise (chi-kung exercises) on the rate of depression in women with children with physical disabilities. jmciri 2024; 42 (1) :9-18
URL: http://jmciri.ir/article-1-3287-en.html
Department of Physical Education, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran.
Abstract:   (264 Views)
Abstract
Background: Parents face a lot of challenges with the birth of a child with disability. According to research findings, mothers of the children with disabilities have lower levels of mental health than mothers of normal children. Having a disabled child in the family causes mental and emotional problems for the family members; especially the mother. These mothers are unaware of their physical and mental health as compared to mothers of normal children. These conditions can lead to mothers’ losing interest in establishing relationships with their relatives that can end in depression and worsening of mothers’ mental health. Therefore, it is necessary to pay attention to the psychological condition of mothers with disabled children. Based on this, the aim of the present study was the effect of exercise (Qigong-chi-kung exercises) on the rate of depression in women with children with physical disabilities.
Method: The present research method was semi-experimental (pre-test-post-test) using two experimental and control groups. For this purpose, among the women with physically disabled children in Tabriz city, 30 of them who volunteered to cooperate with the project and met the conditions to enter the study, were selected as available and then randomly divided into two experimental groups (15 people) and control (15 people). For the experimental group, qigong exercises (10 sessions; 2 sessions per week, 30 to 40 minutes) were applied, and the control group did not receive training. All subjects filled the Beck depression questionnaire (short form) before and after the training. Analysis of covariance was used to analyze the data.
Results: The results showed that the mean depression scores of women with physically disabled children in the qigong training group were significantly reduced compared to the control group in the post-test (p<0.05).
Conclusion: The results showed that qigong exercises have a significant positive effect on reducing the depression of women with physically disabled children. Therefore, in order to improve the mental health of women with physically disabled children, sports exercises including qigong exercises are suggested.
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Type of Study: Review | Subject: Special

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